In most parts of the United States, from Texas through to Oregon, bass fishing is one of the most popular summer sporting events. Both amateurs and professionals compete in derbies and tournaments as well as just enjoy bass fishing weekends or daily trips to a favorite lake. Bass fishing is both a strategic sporting event as well as art, and choosing the correct bass fishing lures to use based on fish behavior, seasonal movements, water conditions and temperature is critical for success.
There are several types of bass fishing lures that are commonly used in any area that bass exist. The various types of bass including small and large mouthed bass, stripped and spotted as well as peacock and white bass, and each is fished using different types and sizes of lures. The most common bass fishing lures include:
Crankbait these bass fishing lures can be used at any depth of water including very close to the top, mid level and deep. Crankbaits can have a lip or may be lipless, depending on the depth and the action that is required. Crankbaits typically are shaped like very thick minnows and their attraction to the fish occurs because the of the movement through the water when the lure is brought back or “cranked”.
Swimbaits these bass fishing lures are very streamlined and sectioned throughout the body to provide an almost exact duplication of the swimming movement of a minnow. They are usually colored like the bait fish in the area, so for most bass fishing the shad colors are most popular. There can be one single hook, a treble hook or a series of hooks on the swimbait.
Jerkbaits again, minnow shaped, but typically heavier that swimbaits, the jerkbait is not designed to have a smooth retrieval like the other baits, rather they are designed to have irregular movement and action as an injured bait fish would have when moving through the water.
Topwater baits these baits are used on the surface of the water. They are moved across the waters surface to attract the bass that are feeding just below the surface. Topbaits may be rattlebaits or buzz baits that actually use the movement through the water to create a sound or vibration, or they may have propellers to make a splashing sound cutting through the surface of the water.
Bass fishing lures may also include worms, live bait and trolling baits. Typically the baits will be bright colored for fishing in the deeper waters and bright conditions, and more naturally colored for fishing in the shallower waters and cloudier waters closer into shore.